Rutishauser, Brian. 2023. “Trade Routes, Location, and Naval Power: Corcyra’s Potential as an Athenian Ally in 431 BCE and Beyond.” In “The Athenian Empire Anew: Acting Hegemonically, Reacting Locally in the Athenian Arkhē,” ed. Aaron Hershkowitz and Michael McGlin, special issue, Classics@ 23. https://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HLNC.ESSAY:103490530.
Corcyrean Naval Power Before Sybota
Sybota and its Aftermath
The Stasis of 427
The Alliance with Athens after the Stasis
The ‘Anomalous Ally’
Maria Intrieri has referred to the Corcyreans as one of the “alleati anomali” of the Athenians in the Ionian Sea, along with other island states such as Zakynthos and the four poleis of Kephallenia.  This concept is useful but deserves further examination. The speech of the Athenian envoy Euphemos at Kamarina in Book Six of Thucydides characterizes the relationship of Athens to its allies in the following way:
With all due consideration given to the political agenda of an Athenian envoy in this setting, the islands ‘round the Peloponnese’ do appear to be those in the Ionian Sea referenced by Intrieri. They were more remote from the Aegean and therefore not as easily brought under the aegis of Athens. However, even finer distinctions within this group are discernable.