Burger, Ronna. 2022. “The God of Strangers: Plato’s Appropriation of Homer’s Odyssey in the Sophist.” In “Poetic (Mis)quotations in Plato,” ed. Gwenda-lin Grewal. Special issue, Classics@ 22. http://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HLNC.ESSAY:102302584.
in terror of the deep voice and for seeing him so monstrous;
but even so I had words for an answer, and I said to him:
“We are Achaians coming from Troy, beaten off our true course. . .
but now in turn we come to you and are suppliants at your knees. . .
Stand in awe of the gods, O best of men. We are your suppliants,
and Zeus the god of strangers, who accompanies strangers with a sense of shame,
avenges any wrong toward strangers and suppliants.”
“Antinous, you did badly to hit the unhappy vagabond:
a curse on you if he turns out to be some god from heaven.
For the gods do take on all sorts of transformations, appearing
as strangers from elsewhere, and thus they haunt the cities,
looking down on outrage and law-abidingness of humans.”
Odyssey 9. 266–271
ἀλλ’ αἰδεῖο, φέριστε, θεούς: ἱκέται δέ τοί εἰμεν,
Ζεὺς δ’ ἐπιτιμήτωρ ἱκετάων τε ξείνων τε,
ξείνιος, ὃς ξείνοισιν ἅμ’ αἰδοίσιν ὀπηδεῖ.
|Odysseus||warns the Cyclops||about Zeus who accompanies reverend strangers, the avenger of suppliants and strangers|
|1a) Socrates||warns Theodorus||about the Stranger as a refutative god|
|1b) Socrates||thinks of himself as the Cyclops||and the Stranger as a refutative god|
|1c) Socrates||warns the Stranger||about Theodorus as a refutative god|
|1d) Socrates||warns the Stranger||about himself as a refutative god|
|2a) Theodorus||warns the Stranger||about himself as a refutative god|
|2b) Theodorus||warns the Stranger||about Socrates as a refutative god|
|2c) Theodorus||warns Socrates||about himself as a refutative god|
|2d) Theodorus||warns Socrates||about the Stranger as a refutative god|
|3a) the Stranger||warns Socrates||about Theodorus as a refutative god|
|3b) the Stranger||warns Theodorus||about Socrates as a refutative god|
|3c) the Stranger||warns Socrates||about the Stranger as a refutative god|
|3d) the Stranger||thinks of himself as the Cyclops||and Socrates as a refutative god|
Odyssey 17. 483–487
οὐλόμεν’, εἰ δή πού τις ἐπουράνιος θεός ἐστιν.
και τε θεοὶ ξείνοισιν ἐοικότες ἀλλοδαποῖσι,
παντοῖοι τελέθοντες, ἐπιστρωφῶσι πόληας,
ἀνθρώπων ὕβριν τε καὶ εὐνομίην ἐφορῶντες.
|anonymous suitor||warns Antinous||about the beggar (Odysseus), as one of the gods
disguised as a stranger, who roam through the cities
watching over the outrage and law-abidingness of human beings