Zanetto, Giuseppe. 2023. “The 'New' Sanctuary of Despotiko (Paros): Interdisciplinarity at Work.” In “Γέρα: Studies in honor of Professor Menelaos Christopoulos,” ed. Athina Papachrysostomou, Andreas P. Antonopoulos, Alexandros-Fotios Mitsis, Fay Papadimitriou, and Panagiota Taktikou, special issue, Classics@ 25. https://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HLNC.ESSAY:103900176.
1. The cultic landscape of Paros in Archaic and Late Archaic age
2. Paros and the heroic cult of Archilochus—The “Archilocheion”
ἔ̣σται ἐν ἀνθρώποισιν, ὃς ἂμ πρῶτός σε προσείπει
ν̣ηὸς ἀποθρῴσκοντα φίλην εἰς πατρίδα γαῖαν.
Immortal and renowned in song among men, Telesicles,
will be whichever son of yours first speaks to you
as you leap from your ship onto your beloved homeland.
Through this narrative both aspects of the hero, the one of the poet and that of the colonist, are assigned to the patronage of Delphic Apollo. The Muses’ gift of the lyre and the promise of eternal poetic glory correspond to Archilochus’ role as a divinely inspired singer, conveying the official voice of the Parian community. The mention of Telesicles, on the other hand, clearly alludes to the foundation of Thasos, because a Parian tradition ascribed to Archilochus’ family, the Tellids, a paramount role in this colonial adventure.  In another Delphic oracle Archilochus’ father is explicitly assigned the task of founder: 
νήσῳ ἐν Ἠερίῃ κτίζειν εὐδείελον ἄστυ.
Announce to the Parians, Telesicles, that I order you
to found a conspicuous city on the island Eeria.
In a third oracle the poet himself is invited to go to Thasos and settle there:
Archilochus, go to Thasos, and inhabit that glorious island.
Many sources have transmitted an anecdote that presents Archilochus as a protégé of Apollo even after his death. According to this tradition, the poet died in battle, fighting against the Naxians, the traditional enemies of the Parians. The one who killed him was called Calondas, but bore the nickname Korax, that is, “the Raven.” When he went to Delphi to consult the oracle, he was at first harshly rejected by Pythia on the ground that he had killed a man sacred to the Muses. He tried to justify himself, saying that he had killed him in fair combat; he was then ordered to perform prayers and sacrifices to appease the soul of Archilochus. 
Concerning the matters which we wished to inscribe, these have both been handed down to us by men of old and we have elaborated on them ourselves.
These words suggest that the tale of the lost cow was part of the “original saga,” contemporary with the establishment of the heroic cult.
3. Archilochus in fifth century BCE Athens
ὡς εὖ καὶ ταχέως ἀπετείσατο καὶ παραχρῆμα;
οὐ μέντοι παρὰ κωφὸν ὁ τυφλὸς ἔοικε λαλῆσαι.
Did you see what the Thasian brine was barking?
How well and quickly he took his revenge, immediately!
The blind man, no doubt, did not talk to a deaf one.
The “blind man” is of course Homer, who had spoken first. As this passage makes clear, in this play Archilochus was assigned traits that fully conformed to his bios. He is a “brine of Thasos,” as piquant as the bitingness of his iambic poetry; aggressive and pungent, he does not speak but “barks,” and knows how to promptly take revenge on those who attack him. The coloring of the character reflects Archilochus’ self-presentation, as he speaks of his poetry as a retaliation against his enemies (cf. fr. 126 West “One great thing I know, to repay with terrible harm one who does me harm”).