Syrkou, Angeliki. 2023. “Violence against women urbi et orbi.” In “Γέρα: Studies in honor of Professor Menelaos Christopoulos,” ed. Athina Papachrysostomou, Andreas P. Antonopoulos, Alexandros-Fotios Mitsis, Fay Papadimitriou, and Panagiota Taktikou, special issue, Classics@ 25. https://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HLNC.ESSAY:103900203.
Furthermore, a considerable number of Christian women endured the inhuman martyrdom of stoning, such as Cointa, who refused to renounce her Christian faith, or met their fate by the sword,  like Saint Crispina.  These female Christian martyrs were subjected to violent torture and ultimately led to death, not for any criminal offenses, but solely due to their unwavering beliefs. It is worth noting that our knowledge of their torments primarily stems from the accounts provided by Christian Fathers. In their endeavour to define Christian identity, these accounts often embellish the inflicted violence, portraying the martyrs as supernatural beings untouched by pain or harm. Nevertheless, the descriptions of the violence and torture endured by these women not only illustrate the strength of their spirit and their courageous defiance of authority, but also emphasize the extent of their suffering.
Some were even condemned to entering brothels, further exacerbating their suffering and degradation. Characteristic is the testimony of a certain Aedesius against Hierocles, the judge of Alexandria:
In a similar case, Phoebammon and Philippos urged the dioecetes Maiamacis to release the seven wives of the protocometae assuring him that they would bring them to prison whenever directed to do so: 
In this interesting text, although it lacks specific details for further context, women seem to have been jailed in place of their husband.
The description of Sophia’s cruel torture, as reported in her letter, highlights the extreme violence, and abuse she endured. According to her account, Senouthes, the individual responsible for her husband’s murder, subjected her to further cruelty by throwing her into his private prison. She stated that she was beaten with sticks throughout the day, her legs being lashed, and she was mercilessly hung up. Sophia presented it as a crime of passion, but the murder of her second husband and her imprisonment must have been connected with profit.